Severance taxes are taxes imposed on natural resources
removed from the soil or water.They are
usually associated with oil, natural gas, coal, and ores, but can also be
applied to other natural resources including salt, timber, fish, phosphates,
gravel, and cement compounds.The
revenues from these taxes are “intended to compensate a state and its citizens
for depletion of their natural resource wealth, and to mitigate social and
environmental effects” (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Tax
Policy Handbook for State Legislators, Third Edition, February 2010).
are based on either the value of the resource extracted or produced or the production
volume.The value-based taxes are
imposed as a fixed percentage of the value, while the volume-based taxes are
imposed as a flat rate per unit of measure.In either case, the tax rates are often graduated.
table from the Council of State Governments’ The Book of States 2015 lists
the 39 states that impose at least one severance tax and generally provides the
rate and basis for each tax.
Connecticut is among
the 11 states that do not impose a severance tax.The other states are Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii,
Iowa, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont.